Learn The Pitches

Baseball Pitches

4 Seam Fastball

This is the most common pitch in baseball. It is thrown for velocity and is the most straight forward pitch. It has a back-spin rotation. Also known as “ 4- Seamer”

2 Seam Fastball

The Two Seam is another fastball with backward rotation. It is thrown for velocity but depending on the pitcher can have a slight tail to the pitch (left or right). Also known as “2-seamer


The Curveball is an off-speed pitch that first moves up out of the pitcher’s hand. When thrown by a right-handed pitcher the curveball breaks across and down to a right-handed hitter and down and in on a left-handed hitter. Vice versa is correct for a left-handed pitcher. There are many different Curve balls out there, but they all have the same general characteristics.


The slider is pitch thrown with velocity that has a similar path as the curveball but does not move up out of the hand at first. Instead it may look like a fastball at first but has a signature red dot on it. This pitch is faster than the curve but slower than a fastball and has a more lateral break.

Change up

A good changeup in baseball is hard to identify by rotation because it will have the same spin as a Four Seam fastball or a Two Seamer. Ways to help identify a changeup early are a palmed grip from the pitcher or a slowed arm motion.

Softball Pitches

4 Seam Fastball

This is the most common pitch in softball and is thrown the straightest. The pitch has forward rotation and is thrown for velocity. Also known as “4-seamer”.

2 Seam Fastball

The Two seam is a less common fastball found in softball, but some pitchers throw it. Depending on the pitcher the “2-Seamer” can have a tail left or right. This pitch is also thrown with velocity.


A softball curve can be thrown with some variations, but all curves have a certain circle look that the Seams make. A curve ball from a right-handed pitcher will break away from a right-handed hitter and in on a left-handed hitter. Vice versa is the same for a lefty pitcher. This pitch is thrown with medium velocity.


The screw ball is like the curve with its velocity (medium) and that it has some variations. It differs with its rotation, breaking in on a right-handed batter from a right-handed pitcher and away from a lefty hitter.


The rise balls Seams give the pitch a distinctive red dot. The pitch is thrown with velocity and rarely as a strike. Elite pitchers can start the pitch low enough so that it breaks as a strike.

Change Up (Back-Handed)

There are many variations of this pitch with similar spins. The back-handed changeup has a unique spin, like a sideways 2-seamer. This is thrown to deceive the hitter by looking like it has velocity but really is the slowest pitch.


The drop ball is a tricky pitch for hitters to identify because it has similar spin to a four-seam fastball. Like the rise ball the pitch is rarely thrown as a strike and is thrown with velocity.

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